Pigmentation is a common skin concern that affects many individuals, regardless of age or skin type. It occurs when the skin produces too much melanin, resulting in patches of skin that appear darker than the surrounding skin. A variety of factors, including genetics, sun exposure, hormonal changes, and certain medications, can cause this.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is typically caused by increased melanin production, which can be triggered by various factors such as sun exposure, hormonal changes, genetics, and inflammation. Melanin is responsible for giving skin its colour, and when the body produces too much of it, it can result in areas of skin that appear darker or discoloured.

Types of Pigmentation


Freckles are small brown spots typically found on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, arms, and shoulders. They are caused by increased melanin production and are often more noticeable in individuals with fair skin.

Age Spots

Age spots, also known as liver spots, are brown or black spots that typically appear on areas of the skin that have been exposed to the sun, such as the hands, face, and arms. They are caused by increased melanin production and are often associated with ageing.


Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or while taking hormonal contraceptives. It typically appears as brown or grey-brown patches on the face, particularly on the forehead, cheeks, and upper lip.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs after the skin has been inflamed or irritated, such as from acne, eczema, or a skin injury. It typically appears as dark spots or patches on the affected area.

How to treat Pigmentation

At Jennifer Carly Cosmetics, we offer a range of treatments to help address various types of pigmentation. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn about which treatment is right for you.